Canine Case of the Week: Bear and Cervical IVDD

August 2, 2011 by · Leave a Comment 

Canine Case of the Week is Bear a special dog with Intervertebral Disk Disease in the cervical spine. What makes Bear special is that he is also a cancer patient, OK he is a good dog too! Bear is one of my lucky patients that has been able to take advantage of the new information about acupuncture I have learned from the Chi Institute in my process to acupuncture certification.

Bear - Cervical IVDD case Bear is a 10 year old neutered male black Lab. He was diagnosed with Osteosarcoma of the jaw in December 2010. The tumor was wrapped around his lower canine and it bled every time he ate. When it was discovered that it was cancer Bear underwent surgery to have the front third of his lower jaw removed. He recovered fine from the surgery and no longer had bleeding every time he ate.

Shortly after his jaw surgery he started limping on his left front leg. Of course thinking the worse his owner brought him right away to a specialist and discovered that no the cancer had not spread but actually Bear had a strained tendon in his elbow. The specialist injected the elbow with corticosteroid and the limping improved. Unfortunately he developed a neck problem 2 weeks afterwards.

Bear has had issues with his neck for a long time. He would be stiff and a little painful to the touch. His owner would give him aspirin and in a day he would bounce back, however this time was different. He did not bounce back and in fact became worse. He could not turn his head to the left without being in pain. Back to the vet Bear went. His cervical spine was radiographed and luckily no signs of cancer, but also no significant findings for a problem relating to his pain in the neck. He was diagnosed with Cervical Intervertebral Disk Disease or Cervical IVDD. An MRI could be done to confirm the diagnosis but with the expense, the fact that an MRI may not be as reliable as once thought for diagnosis of IVDD, the fact that Bear has gone through a lot already and most important the owner was not wishing to put Bear through another surgery and only wants him comfortable for how ever many months she has left with Bear, an MRI was not performed and Bear was given typical conservative pain management pharmaceuticals – muscle relaxers and pain relievers. He did this for a couple of months. It did not help enough and in May it became much worse. He could not raise his head comfortably and he was placed on more pain relievers. In June when nothing else seemed to be helping Bear’s owner called me.

My first visit Bear was mildy depressed but still happy to visit. He could not raise his head very well, looked uncomfortable and certainly could not turn his head left. He was not sleeping well at night. He was very painful when touching his neck or trying to move his head. I spent time massaging and doing chiropractic adjustments to help relieve some of his tension and pain. I also prescribed Gabapentin for the neuropathic pain since none of the pain relievers he was on were seeming to help.

A week later I revisited and readjusted. He was improved. His pain was mostly gone but he still could not turn his head to the left.

The next week I revisited again and now he could turn his head about 50% to the left and still no pain. I adjusted him again and was happy with the progress. However Bear had other plans with his new found reduction in pain.

The problem with giving a dog pain relievers, or doing modalities such as chiropractic or acupuncture is that they do relieve pain. The problem with relieving pain is that the area is still healing and can take 12 weeks to heal completely, but since there is no pain the dog will use the area like there is nothing wrong. If the dog feels better and does something it should not it can re-injure the area and start the whole cascade of events all over. That’s what Bear did!

He was happy feeling better and became excited one day. The owner knew that she needed to keep him calm and not do any activity with him, but Bear had other ideas and decide to play hard for a couple minutes and re-injured himself. When I saw him we were back to square one! He was in pain again and could not turn his head at all. We started over. I massaged and adjusted him and and was coming back the next week, after my trip to the Chi Institute.

Monday, after my course work at the Chi Institute I visited Bear He was out of pain but still could not move his head to the left. I had some small needles that I usually use for horse legs. I did some acupuncture for Bear’s neck and I have a laser machine and lasered a few acupuncture points as well. The treatment lasted about 20 min. After the treatment was over, Bear got up shook all over and whined at the door. He went out, went to the bathroom, came back in and went right for his toy box. The owner and I were quick to tell him – OH NO. She told him to go lay down. The owner and I could tell he was feeling very spunky and wanted to play. He felt very good. So I went onto my soapbox and told her how he needed to rest and definitely needed to be confined and not allowed to play. The problem with acupuncture is that they feel too good and can re-injure themselves. All the while I was talking (preaching) Bear was laying with his right side against a wall, obviously upset that he was told he could not play, and at one point the owner and I looked at him and he looked back at us. It only took a couple seconds for it to register that he was turning his head to the left to look straight back at us!

Here was a dog that had for months not been able to turn his head to the left and I thought I had made some big progress with the chiropractic treatments to get him to turn his head 50% of the way and now he was turning his head like nothing was ever wrong. He had no pain and had full range of motion from one 20 min treatment of acupuncture.

Today I visited Bear and he is almost completely normal. He is off all the medications except for the Gabapentin which he has started weaning off. He has a little limp in his left front leg but his neck shows no sign of pain and has about 90% range of motion. I treated him with electroacupuncture today and will visit him again in two weeks.

I have a new found respect for acupuncture and will be incorporating it more and more in my treatment protocols. I will be suggesting it to clients more frequently and eventually I can see that my practice will be a Traditional Chinese Veterinary Medicine practice using herbs and acupuncture with some chiropractic and physical therapy added. Thank you Bear for the excellent results that were way beyond my expectations. With more treatments I am hoping to help him with his elbow pain and extend his life comfortably despite living with an aggressive cancer.

Dog Chiropractic Basics

September 16, 2010 by · Leave a Comment 

Chiropractic medicine focuses on problems of joint flexibility and movement. Its intent is to correct deficiencies of movement, thereby, improving the health of the joint and all the structures in and around the joint. The implications of this are astounding when one considers that the spinal column is made up of many joints. The entire body, including all the muscles and internal organs, is supplied off the spinal cord by nerves that pass through the joints of the spinal column.

Chiropractors diagnose and treat subluxations, a joint that is not performing efficiently or effectively. If a joint has a subluxation, that joint is not moving correctly, which disrupts the nutrition to that joint. It also disrupts the nutrition and blood flow to the nervous system in and around the joint. Although the nervous system is not dependent on movement for blood flow, it does provide the nerves with the best blood flow possible. The joints of the spinal column have all the nerves going to the body passing through them. If a joint in the spinal column is subluxated, the lack of movement and subsequent inefficient blood flow affects the nerves that pass through that joint. This inefficient blood flow causes a disruption of the electrical impulses the nerves are supplying to the organs.

An example of the disruption above is muscular back pain caused by subluxations of the lower lumbar region of the spine. The nerves that supply some of the muscles of the back are in the lower lumbar region of the spinal column. When the nerve supply to the back muscles is disrupted, it can cause a variety of responses depending on the amount of disruption, such as back spasms, trigger points, atrophy, or lack of strength. If this is severe enough, the disruption can cause paralysis and/or intense pain.

An adjustment is what treats the subluxation. ”An adjustment is characterized by a specific force applied in a specific direction to a specific vertebra…Adjustments are high velocity procedures designed to deliver maximal force with minimal tissue damage. The adjustment is unique to the chiropractic profession and requires a great deal of skill to control the depth, direction, speed and amplitude of the procedure.” (Dr. Sharon Willoughby, 1998) It also requires detailed knowledge of anatomy, specifically the joints of the vertebral column. The goal of the adjustment is not to put the vertebra back in place, but to increase flexibility of the joint and to reduce connective tissue and muscular restrictions that put forces onto the joint affecting its normal movement. Depending on the severity and length of time a subluxation has been present, chiropractic care is given in a series of therapeutic treatments, varying from a few days to a couple weeks apart to gradually restore normal function. After initial treatments, the animal is then placed on a maintenance program to obviously maintain normal function.

The goals of having chiropractic adjustments can be as simple as having your animal feel and perform better, to resolving biomechanical problems, to helping heal extreme pain and paralysis. Athletes need to perform at peak efficiency without stiffness or discomfort. Lack of proper joint function reduces power and reduces flexibility; for example, subluxations in the lower lumbar area affects the flexibility and power of the hind legs, which is especially important to propel the animal forward – the most important aspect in any athletic performance. Regular chiropractic care helps resolve this issue. It also helps in severely traumatized animals, such as an animal with a fractured leg. Traditional medicine takes care of the actual fracture; however chiropractic takes care of the subluxations occurring from the biomechanical alterations of walking on three legs while the fracture heals. With this wide array of goals, it does seem that any animal alive with a spine should have a chiropractic adjustment.

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